Heritage Trails

Cynthia Ann Parker and Native Americans of North Texas
West side of Main between 7th & 8th Streets

Native Americans hunted bison on the plains of North Texas in the 1800s. They traded freely with settlers, but conflicts did occur. Some tribal villages were attacked and some settlers’ homesteads were raided and captives taken. In January 1861, a photo of captive Cynthia Ann Parker and her daughter Topsannah was taken in Fort Worth. In 1836 Cynthia Ann, age 9, and others had been taken from their family compound at Fort Parker by Comanche. She then lived her life as a Comanche. Comanche leader Peta Nocona and Cynthia Ann had three children. In 1860 she and her daughter were captured by Texas Rangers and returned to the Parker family who lived in Tarrant County. Topsannah died in 1863. Parker’s life until she died in 1870 was spent in sadness, lonely for her life as a Comanche. Her son, Quannah, became a great leader of the Comanche as a warrior and a statesman and frequently visited Fort Worth.